als auch inhaltlich und als innovativer Modetrend in Erscheinung treten, mittlerweile als Produkte eines ‚J-Lifestyles' wahrgenommen.5 Jüngere Generationen. Bisher vertrat Achim Twardy G+J im Gesellschafterkreis des „Spiegel“. Als das Gerücht über den bevorstehenden Rausschmiss der beiden „Spiegel“-Chefs die . J oder j (gesprochen: [jɔt], in Österreich und Bayern auch [ jeː]) ist der zehnte Buchstabe des modernen lateinischen Alphabets und ein Konsonant.
Until his retirement at the age of 70 van der Waals remained at the Amsterdam University. He was succeeded by his son Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Jr.
In , at the age of 72, van der Waals was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics. He died at the age of 85 on March 8, The main interest of van der Waals was in the field of thermodynamics.
Clausius' work led him to look for an explanation of Thomas Andrews ' experiments that had revealed, in , the existence of critical temperatures in fluids.
In this thesis he derived the equation of state bearing his name. This work gave a model in which the liquid and the gas phase of a substance merge into each other in a continuous manner.
It shows that the two phases are of the same nature. In deriving his equation of state van der Waals assumed not only the existence of molecules the existence of atoms was disputed at the time  , but also that they are of finite size and attract each other.
Since he was one of the first to postulate an intermolecular force, however rudimentary, such a force is now sometimes called a van der Waals force.
A second great discovery was published in , when he formulated the Law of Corresponding States. This showed that the van der Waals equation of state can be expressed as a simple function of the critical pressure, critical volume, and critical temperature.
This general form is applicable to all substances see van der Waals equation. The compound -specific constants a and b in the original equation are replaced by universal compound-independent quantities.
It was this law which served as a guide during experiments which ultimately led to the liquefaction of hydrogen by James Dewar in and of helium by Heike Kamerlingh Onnes in Mention should also be made of van der Waals' theory of capillarity which in its basic form first appeared in This was controversial at the time, since the existence of molecules and their permanent, rapid motion were not universally accepted before Jean Baptiste Perrin 's experimental verification of Albert Einstein 's theoretical explanation of Brownian motion.
Van der Waals' nephew Peter van der Waals was a cabinet maker and a leading figure in the Sapperton, Gloucestershire school of the Arts and Crafts movement.
The wife of Johannes van der Waals died of tuberculosis at 34 years old in After becoming a widower Van der Waals never remarried and was so shaken by the death of his wife that he did not publish anything for about a decade.
He died in Amsterdam on March 8, , one year after his daughter Jacqueline had died. His grandson, Christopher D. Vanderwal is a distinguished professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Irvine.
Van der Waals received numerous honors and distinctions, besides winning the Nobel Prize in Physics. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Van der Waals disambiguation. The classical Carnot heat engine. Classical Statistical Chemical Quantum thermodynamics.
Zeroth First Second Third. Conjugate variables in italics. Carnot's theorem Clausius theorem Fundamental relation Ideal gas law. Free energy Free entropy.
History General Heat Entropy Gas laws. Entropy and time Entropy and life Brownian ratchet Maxwell's demon Heat death paradox Loschmidt's paradox Synergetics.
Caloric theory Theory of heat. Van der Waals Forces: Cambridge University Press , p. Over de continuiteit van den gas- en vloeistoftoestand On the Continuity of the Gaseous and Liquid States doctoral dissertation.
Van der Waals and Molecular Science. A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 1st edition, , p. On the Gaseous State of Matter".
Last night, I went to see the movie knowing full well that it wasn't going to live up to the book. Unfortunately, I was right.
What made 'Dear John' different from all the other love stories we've read and seen was taken away in the movie. I don't know how I would have understood what was going on in the movie if I hadn't read the book.
Scenes were rushed especially the two weeks where the two main characters fall in love , and characters weren't well developed at all.
Heck, one of the main characters barely resembles both appearance- and personality-wise the character in the book.
That said, there were a couple of scenes where the dialogue was sweet and funny. I also enjoyed the music, but that may be because I'm a huge fan of acoustic.
Also, the scenery was absolutely beautiful. Not to mention Channing Tatum's body pretty much the only thing worth my money. As far as acting goes, Channing Tatum was the stronger one in this film.
While I'm still personally neutral about my opinion on Amanda Seyfried, I found she's done better. She may be better off with comedy or musicals.
And Richard Jenkins was lovable, as always. If you've read the book, don't expect anything similar to it. I can't point out a single scene that even resembled that of the book.
Part II of the book, especially, was almost non-existent. You will definitely be able to pick out the noticeable differences between the book and the film.
Hopefully, you won't be TOO disappointed. But like I said, you're more likely to enjoy the film if you haven't read the book.
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Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. A romantic drama about a soldier who falls for a conservative college student while he's home on leave.
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However, when the September 11 attacks occur, John chooses to re-enlist. Their time apart start as weeks and turn into months and years.
Savannah begins to spend more time with Tim, and decides that she wants to work with autistic children; she plans to build a farm and horse stables where they can enjoy the outdoors and animals.
Over the next two years, John and Savannah's romance continues through their letters. One turns out to be a literal " Dear John " letter, in which Savannah breaks up with John, saying that, while she still loves him, she has developed feelings for someone else - she does not reveal that the "other man" is Tim.
In a fit of anger, John burns all of Savannah's letters. John is later wounded and encouraged to return home, but he re-enlists for a second time.
Four years pass, and John is informed that his father has had a stroke - instead of being deployed with the rest of his unit, John is being sent home to be with his dad.
When John arrives at the hospital, he learns that his father is alive, but in grave condition. In addition to reading his father articles from coin collectors' newsletter which Mr.
Tyree has collected, along with his beloved coins, for decades , John writes a letter to his father, which he reads to him at the hospital; John's voice-over at the beginning of the film was from this letter, in which he told his father that the first thing to cross his mind after he was shot was coins, and the last thing to cross his mind before he lost consciousness was his dad.
Soon afterward, his father dies. After his father's funeral, John visits Savannah at her ranch and learns that she has married Tim, abandoning her dream of a riding camp for autistic kids because of Tim's fight against lymphoma.
She talks to Tim on the phone and tells John that Tim would like to see him. She takes John to the hospital, and Tim tells John that Savannah still loves John; she loves him Tim , too, but not in the same way she loves John - and Tim can see that.
John takes her back to her house and they enjoy a quiet evening together, eating dinner, and are tempted to pick up where they left off years earlier, but do not go through with their feelings and, upset, John leaves.
John sells all of his father's coin collection except the valuable mule coin that he found with his father years ago in order to raise money to help with Tim's cancer treatment.
He receives a letter from Savannah telling him that Tim died after two months of treatment. John, now a civilian, eventually returns home; while riding his bike in town one day, he sees Savannah at a coffee shop, and they hug.